College athletes posted record scores in the classroom for the 12th consecutive year and all Ohio State teams were above the penalty threshold, according to NCAA figures released Wednesday.

The NCAA's most recent Academic Progress Report shows the four-year average in Division I was 981, two points higher than last year. Scores are calculated by giving each player on each team one point per semester for remaining academically eligible and another point each semester if they remain in school or graduate. A perfect score is 1,000. This year's numbers cover the 2012-16 academic years.

Teams that consistently fall below 930 can face penalties including postseason ineligibility.

Of the 17 teams ineligible to participate in NCAA tournaments next year, 15 come from historically black schools. Alabama A&M and Southern University in Louisiana each had four teams make the list.

All teams at Ohio State were well above 930, led by perfect scores in women’s cross country, women’s hockey and women’s tennis.

The overall picture shows universal improvement across the sports spectrum, even among low-resource institutions.

Baseball players had a cumulative score of 973 and football players came in at 962. Both numbers rose three points from last year.

Men's and women's basketball teams both improved by two points over last year's report, with 966 and 980, respectively.

Since 2010, low-resource school have seen scores jump from 939 to 968 while historically black schools have seen their numbers go from 913 to 956.